A new take and new book on some perplexing conundrums for fans and friends of responsible, eco, conscious travel.
Key Words: Brazil – Case Studies – Community – Critical Discussion – Framework – Geography – India – Las Vegas – New System State – Pursuit of Sustainable Tourism – Resilience – Resilience Thinking – Social Capital – TAPAS – Threshold – Tipping Point – Whitefish – #TourismMatters – 2017 (iystd)
Why was the book written?
What is in the book?
Why not an open-access book?
What is the future of sustainable tourism? = ¿Cuál es el futuro del turismo sostenible?
What should we make of the 2017 International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development?
What would you like to see come out of the IUCN Congress in Hawaii and the CBD COP13 in Cancun?
What are your upcoming travels and presentations?
The story of Whitefish, is then very revealing in that it illustrates the changes in relationships between society and the environment. As our awareness, sensitivity, and knowledge of society-environment links grow, we confront fundamental ques- tions about what futures face us and our children. Does the history of Whitefish reveal a community that has sustained itself over the last century? Are choices broader or more constrained than in the past? What would it mean to answer in the affirmative or the negative? Given the dramatic nature of social and economic change that will inevitably come, will Whitefish be sustainable in the future? (p5)
it is unclear how one would measure and assess whether a sustainable tourism initiative was successful and why: interventions often display confusion between inputs and outcomes, and the spatial, temporal and social-organizational scales are often unstated at which interventions are aimed often go unstated as well as not being subject to monitoring. Implementing an intervention might look good for a government program or to an NGO’s donors, but how do we know it worked? For whom did it work? Who benefited? Who did not? Why? Further, a focus on sustainable tourism as small scale businesses or community tourism initiatives ignores both the idea of reducing the negative consequences of all tourism in general and how tourism development integrates into the larger economy of a village or region. In one sense, the goal of sustainable tourism has been to ensure economic stability, particularly at the community level—a goal difficult to achieve in a world of globalized financial institutions and processes. (p9)
As tourism develops in an area, tourists begin to require more and more infrastructure, necessitating the conversion of land from activities such as agriculture to restaurants, lodges and gift shops. What this illustrates is what I call the defining characteristic of tourism: That it fundamentally changes the places where it occurs to meet its own needs. What this means is that either form of tourism as development (economic or social) produces impacts both positive and negative. It is also important to emphasize that tourism produces change (p35)
The outcome of this is the development of a community-owned ecotourism enterprise that follows the principles outlined by the Nanda Devi Biodiversity Conservation and Ecotourism Declaration. The missing component in this case has been policy formulation and governmental actions that support adaptive governance. Instead, the government in general and the Forest Department (in particular) are seen as adversaries and their policies are seen as detrimental to maintaining resilient socio-ecological systems. What this illustrates is that in order for adaptive governance to be an effective tool to promote sustainable tourism (as a resilient socio-ecological system), it must occur at all scales and government policies must be developed to support creative pathways to resilient systems. (p43)